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Storage Behaviour  1000 Seed Weight  Oil Content  Protein Content  Germination  Literature Cited

APG Clade: EUDICOTS - CORE EUDICOTS - ROSIDS - EUROSIDS I
APG Order: Cucurbitales
APG Family: CUCURBITACEAE
Kew Family: CUCURBITACEAE
Genus: Cucurbita
Species Epithet: foetidissima
Species Author: Kunth


Storage Behaviour

Storage Behaviour: Orthodox
Storage Conditions: Seeds maintained well after 5 years storage at - 15C, 4C (Kay et al., 1988); long-term storage under IPGRI preferred conditions at RBG Kew, WP

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1000 Seed Weight

Average 1000 Seed Weight(g): 37.8
Details of Component Seed Weights:
  1. 39.2; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  2. 36.2; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  3. 39.2; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  4. 53.748; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  5. 45.4144; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  6. 35.5616; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  7. 35.2028; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  8. 27.572; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  9. 33.256; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  10. 32.7936; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
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Germination

  1. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 10); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat removed completely. testa removed); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 26C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  2. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  3. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 49); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  4. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  5. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 51); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  6. 80 % germination (seeds sown: 25); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 15C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  7. 72 % germination (seeds sown: 25); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 14 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  8. 58 % germination (seeds sown: 19); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  9. 80 % germination (seeds sown: 20); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 30C; 28 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  10. 60 % germination (seeds sown: 20); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 30C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  11. 88 % germination (seeds sown: 25); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 15C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  12. 50 % germination (seeds sown: 20); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 35/20C (Therm 8/16); 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
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Oil Content

Average of Oil Content (%): 30.13
Details of Component Oil Contents:
  1. 31.1; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  2. 33.9; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  3. 27.0; (Eckey, 1954); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated; Mid-point of the range 24-30
  4. 28.5; (Padley et al., 1994); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
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Protein Content

Average of Protein Content (%): 33.15
Details of Component Protein Contents:
  1. 33.8; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  2. 32.5; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
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Literature Cited
  1. Kay, B.L., Graves, W.L. and Young, J.A. 1988. Long-term storage of desert shrub seed. Mojave Revegetation Notes No 23. Davis: University of California, Agronomy and Range Science.
  2. Earle, F.R. and Jones, Q. 1962. Analyses of seed samples from 113 plant families. Economic Botany, 16:221-250.
  3. Jones, Q. and Earle, F.R. 1966. Chemical analyses of seeds II: oil and protein content of 759 species. Economic Botany, 20:127-155.
  4. RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place.
  5. Baker Seed Herbarium, California.
  6. Eckey, E.W. 1954. Vegetable fats and oils. American Chemical Society Monograph Series no. 123. Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York.
  7. Padley, F.B., Gunstone, F.D. and Harwood, J.L. 1994. Occurrence and characteristics of oils and fats. In: The Lipid Handbook (2nd Edn.). (Ed. by F.D.Gunstone, J.L. Harwood and F.B. Padley), pp. 47-146.
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