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Storage Behaviour  1000 Seed Weight  Oil Content  Germination  Literature Cited

APG Clade: EUDICOTS - CORE EUDICOTS - ASTERIDS - EUASTERIDS I
APG Order: Solanales
APG Family: SOLANACEAE
Kew Family: SOLANACEAE
Genus: Capsicum
Species Epithet: annuum
Species Author: L.


Storage Behaviour

Storage Behaviour: Orthodox
Storage Conditions: Viability is halved after 4 years open storage (Ewart, 1908). Seeds maintained for 2-4 years in commercial storage conditions (Priestley, 1986). Average germination change 74 to 16%, mean storage period 28 years, 4 lots stored at NSSL, Fort Collins (initially at 5C with <40% r.h. for 15 years, then hermetically at -18C), p50= 27 years (Roos & Davidson, 1992)

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1000 Seed Weight

Average 1000 Seed Weight(g): 6
Details of Component Seed Weights:
  1. 6.41; cv. Dutch; (Felfoldi, 1980); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  2. 4.88; cv. Bell Boy; (Felfoldi, 1980); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  3. 7.87; cv. Long Green; (Felfoldi, 1980); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  4. 7.41; cv. Califorma Wonder; (Felfoldi, 1980); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  5. 6.62; cv. Hungarian Sweet Wax; (Felfoldi, 1980); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  6. 4.5528; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  7. 3; (Daws et al., 2005); Seed; Dry weight - seeds were dried for 3 days at 60 degrees
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Germination

  1. 90 % germination (seeds sown: 10); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  2. 80 % germination (seeds sown: 10); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  3. 80 % germination (seeds sown: 10); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 30C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  4. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 10); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 35/20C (Therm 8/16); 21 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
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Oil Content

Average of Oil Content (%): 26.1
Details of Component Oil Contents:
  1. 26.1; (Eckey, 1954); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
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Literature Cited
  1. Ewart, A.J. 1908. On the longevity of seeds. Proceedings of the Royal Society Victoria, 21:1-210.
  2. Priestley, D.A. 1986. Seed Aging. Cornell University Press.
  3. Roos, E.E. and Davidson, D.A. 1992. Record longevities of vegetable seeds in storage. HortScience, 27:393-396.
  4. Felfoldi, E. 1980. Seed Counts (Numbers of Seeds Per Unit Weight). Technical Report Series, 32. Government of Victoria, Department of Agriculture.
  5. RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place.
  6. Eckey, E.W. 1954. Vegetable fats and oils. American Chemical Society Monograph Series no. 123. Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York.
  7. Daws, M.I., Garwood, N.C. & Pritchard, H.W. 2005. Traits of recalcitrant seeds in a semi-deciduous tropical forest in Panama: some ecological implications. Functional Ecology, 19:874-885.
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