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Storage Behaviour  1000 Seed Weight  Oil Content  Protein Content  Germination  Literature Cited

APG Clade: EUDICOTS - CORE EUDICOTS - ROSIDS - EUROSIDS I
APG Order: Fabales
APG Family: FABACEAE
Kew Family: LEGUMINOSAE-PAPILIONOIDEAE
Genus: Vicia
Species Epithet: sativa
Species Author: L.
Common Name: common vetch
Life Form: ther.


Storage Behaviour

Storage Behaviour: Orthodox
Storage Conditions: Seeds are safely stored in liquid nitrogen (Stanwood & Bass, 1981); p50= 7.33 years for seeds under open storage in a temperate climate (Priestley, 1986); long-term storage under IPGRI preferred conditions at RBG Kew, WP. Oldest collection 17 years; average germination change 97.5 to 96.5%, mean storage period 12 years, 22 collections

Top  Interpreting the storage behaviour data

1000 Seed Weight

Average 1000 Seed Weight(g): 33.2
Details of Component Seed Weights:
  1. 43.5; (Cromarty et al., 1982); Seed; Mid-point of 1000 seed weight range 17-70g; seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  2. 61.8; cv. Golden Tares; (Felfoldi, 1980); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  3. 46.7; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  4. 63.0; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  5. 41.0; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  6. 67.8; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  7. 36.7; (Barclay & Earle, 1974); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  8. 2.1764706; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  9. 6.8; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  10. 9.708; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  11. 10.0913621; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  12. 12.5312; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  13. 12.6496; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  14. 13.3764; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  15. 13.5; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  16. 14.34; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  17. 14.5416; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  18. 14.7044; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  19. 14.78; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  20. 15.2216; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  21. 15.2876; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  22. 15.4181818; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  23. 15.8272; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  24. 16.3428; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  25. 17.2676; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  26. 17.5032; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  27. 17.7; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  28. 17.7116; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  29. 18.3256; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  30. 18.7816; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  31. 19.362; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  32. 22.9656; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  33. 23.3540541; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  34. 24.5454545; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  35. 26.4700935; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  36. 27.9116; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  37. 28.325; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  38. 28.5188; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  39. 29.2611111; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  40. 29.96; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  41. 30.056; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  42. 30.2; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  43. 30.3052; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  44. 30.76; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  45. 31.14; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  46. 31.4564; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  47. 31.5883495; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  48. 32.326; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  49. 32.447619; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  50. 33.1476; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  51. 34.80625; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  52. 36.2; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  53. 36.3970588; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  54. 36.782; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  55. 38.074; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  56. 38.6486486; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  57. 38.7179487; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  58. 39.4642276; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  59. 40.2864; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  60. 40.6; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  61. 40.606; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  62. 41.26; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  63. 41.6655172; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  64. 41.7269231; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  65. 43.2; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  66. 43.6329114; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  67. 43.9419355; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  68. 44.4927536; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  69. 44.98; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  70. 45.4672897; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  71. 45.968; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  72. 46.2777778; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  73. 46.7512; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  74. 47.9153094; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  75. 48.28484; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  76. 49.0396; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  77. 51.0608108; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  78. 51.6230366; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  79. 54.872; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  80. 56.2796; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  81. 60.9366667; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  82. 63.098; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  83. 68.9; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  84. 75.4733333; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  85. 15.53; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  86. 15.652; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  87. 18.0; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
Top  Interpreting the seed weight data

Germination

  1. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 54); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 20C; 14 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  2. 95 % germination (seeds sown: 57); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 20C; 21 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  3. 87 % germination (seeds sown: 62); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 20C; 21 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  4. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  5. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 10); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 14 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  6. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 8 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  7. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 48); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 20C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  8. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 10); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 7 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  9. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  10. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  11. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  12. 75 % germination (seeds sown: 51); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  13. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 10); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 16C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  14. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  15. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 10); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 16C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  16. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  17. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 100); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  18. 90 % germination (seeds sown: 100); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  19. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 52); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 70 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  20. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  21. 90 % germination (seeds sown: 49); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 35 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  22. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 100); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  23. 94 % germination (seeds sown: 100); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  24. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  25. 98 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  26. 80 % germination (seeds sown: 10); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  27. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  28. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 21C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  29. 100 % germination (seeds sown: 50); pre-sowing treatments: scarification (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 16C; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
Top  Interpreting the germination data

Oil Content

Average of Oil Content (%): 0.84
Details of Component Oil Contents:
  1. 0.8; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  2. 1.0; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  3. 0.6; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  4. 1.0; (Barclay & Earle, 1974); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  5. 0.8; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
Top  Interpreting the oil content data

Protein Content

Average of Protein Content (%): 29.88
Details of Component Protein Contents:
  1. 31.6; (Barclay & Earle, 1974); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  2. 30.2; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  3. 29.9; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  4. 31.6; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  5. 26.1; (Earle & Jones, 1962); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
Top  Interpreting the protein content data

Literature Cited
  1. Cromarty, A.S., Ellis, R.H. and Roberts, E.H. 1982. The Design of Seed Storage Facilities for Genetic Conservation. Rome: International Board for Plant Genetic Resources.
  2. Ewart, A.J. 1908. On the longevity of seeds. Proceedings of the Royal Society Victoria, 21:1-210.
  3. Priestley, D.A. 1986. Seed Aging. Cornell University Press.
  4. Stanwood, P.C. and Bass, L.N. 1981. Seed germplasm preservation using liquid nitrogen. Seed Science and Technology, 9:423-437.
  5. Felfoldi, E. 1980. Seed Counts (Numbers of Seeds Per Unit Weight). Technical Report Series, 32. Government of Victoria, Department of Agriculture.
  6. Earle, F.R. and Jones, Q. 1962. Analyses of seed samples from 113 plant families. Economic Botany, 16:221-250.
  7. Jones, Q. and Earle, F.R. 1966. Chemical analyses of seeds II: oil and protein content of 759 species. Economic Botany, 20:127-155.
  8. Barclay, A.S. and Earle, F.R. 1974. Chemical analyses of seeds III: oil and protein content of 1253 species. Economic Botany, 28:178-236.
  9. RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place.
  10. Baker Seed Herbarium, California.
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