Seed Information Database

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Storage Behaviour  1000 Seed Weight  Oil Content  Protein Content  Seed Dispersal  Germination  Literature Cited

APG Clade: EUDICOTS - CORE EUDICOTS
APG Order: Caryophyllales
APG Family: POLYGONACEAE
Kew Family: POLYGONACEAE
Genus: Rumex
Species Epithet: acetosella
Species Author: L.
Life Form: hemicr.


Storage Behaviour

Storage Behaviour: Orthodox?
Storage Conditions: (Grime et al., 1981)

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1000 Seed Weight

Average 1000 Seed Weight(g): 0.7
Details of Component Seed Weights:
  1. 0.2; (Funes et al., 1999); Seed; Based upon the average weight of 10 air-dried seeds.
  2. 2.855; (Mazer, 1989); Seed
  3. 0.58; (Hayashi, 1977); Seed; Based upon the average weight of 5 batches of 100 seeds; weight refers to air-dry seed.
  4. 0.412; (Salisbury, 1942); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  5. 0.262; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  6. 0.344; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  7. 0.4284; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  8. 0.4388; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  9. 0.4464; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  10. 0.474; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  11. 0.478; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  12. 0.5132; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  13. 0.592; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  14. 0.7164; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place); Seed; *Seed weights reported may include minor covering structures
  15. 0.3; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  16. 0.436; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  17. 0.5; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  18. 0.525; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  19. 0.704; (Baker Seed Herbarium, California); Seed; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  20. 0.4; (Eriksson, 1997); Seed
  21. 0.465; (Thompson et al., 1993); Fruit
  22. 0.1; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Seed+pericarp; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  23. 4.0; (Barclay & Earle, 1974); Seed+pericarp; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
  24. 0.4; (Grime et al., 1981); Germinule; Seed mc not stated, but weight is likely to refer to air-dry seed.
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Seed Dispersal

  1. Wind; Diaspore is blown by wind; Direct or experimental observation; (Ridley, 1930); Also dispersed by animals and via vegetative spread. Diaspore=fruit.
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Germination

  1. 84 % germination (seeds sown: 49); pre-sowing treatments: surgical (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25/10C (Therm 8/16); 56 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  2. 80 % germination (seeds sown: 46); pre-sowing treatments: surgical (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25C; 105 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  3. 60 % germination (seeds sown: 20); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25/10C (Therm 8/16); 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  4. 70 % germination (seeds sown: 20); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 15C; 63 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  5. 78 % germination (seeds sown: 18); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 20C; 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  6. 86 % germination (seeds sown: 43); pre-sowing treatments: surgical (seed coat partially removed with scalpel. seed coat chipped); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 12/12; 23/9C (Therm 12/12); (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  7. 54 % germination (seeds sown: 67); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25/10C (Therm 8/16); 49 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  8. 50 % germination (seeds sown: 20); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25/10C (Therm 8/16); 21 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
  9. 79 % germination (seeds sown: 19); germination medium: 1% agar; germination conditions: light 8/16; 25/10C (Therm 8/16); 42 days; (RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place)
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Oil Content

Average of Oil Content (%): 2.65
Details of Component Oil Contents:
  1. 1.7; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  2. 3.6; (Barclay & Earle, 1974); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
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Protein Content

Average of Protein Content (%): 7.6
Details of Component Protein Contents:
  1. 9.6; (Barclay & Earle, 1974); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
  2. 5.6; (Jones & Earle, 1966); Entire seed/nut; Moisture content not stated
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Literature Cited
  1. Grime, J.P., Mason, G., Curtis, A.A., Rodman, J., Band, S.R., Mowforth, M.A.G., Neal, A.M. and Shaw, S. 1981. A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. Journal of Ecology, 69:1017-1059.
  2. Funes, G., Basconcelo, S., Daz, S. and Cabido, M.1999. Seed size and shape are good predictors of seed persistence in soil in temperate mountain grasslands of Argentina. Seed Science Research, 9:341-345.
  3. Jones, Q. and Earle, F.R. 1966. Chemical analyses of seeds II: oil and protein content of 759 species. Economic Botany, 20:127-155.
  4. Barclay, A.S. and Earle, F.R. 1974. Chemical analyses of seeds III: oil and protein content of 1253 species. Economic Botany, 28:178-236.
  5. Mazer, S. 1989. Ecological, taxonomic, and life history correlates of seed mass among Indiana dunes Angiosperms. Supplement: species list, untransformed seed mass, seed mass class and ecological data associated with each species. Ecological Monographs, 59.
  6. Hayashi, I. 1977. Secondary succession of herbaceous communities in Japan. Japanese Journal of Ecology, 27:191-200.
  7. Thompson, K., Band, S.R. and Hodgson, J.G. 1993. Seed size and shape predict persistence in soil. Functional Ecology, 7:236-241.
  8. Salisbury, E.J. 1942. The Reproductive Capacity of Plants. G. Bell and Sons, London.
  9. RBG Kew, Wakehurst Place.
  10. Baker Seed Herbarium, California.
  11. Ridley, H.N. 1930. The Dispersal of Plants Throughout the World. William Clowes and Sons Ltd., London.
  12. Eriksson, O. 1997. Clonal life histories and the evolution of seed recruitment. In: The Ecology and Evolution of Clonal Plants (Ed. by J. van Groenendael and H. de Kroon), pp. 211-226. Blacbuys Publishing, Leiden, The Netherlands.
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