Original references for DNA C-values listed in the Plant DNA C-values database (release 5.0 Dec. 2010)


Ref. No. Reference
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3 Bot PVM, Holton RW, Stam WT, van den Hoek C. 1989. Molecular divergence between North-Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific Cladophora albida (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) isolates as indicated by DNA-DNA hybridization. Marine Biology 102: 307-
4 Bot PVM, Stam WT, van den Hoek C, Vandelden, W. 1989. Biogeographic and phylogenetic studies in three North-Atlantic species of Cladophora (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) using DNA-DNA hybridization. Phycologia 28: 159-168.
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6 Derelle E, Ferraz C, Cooke R, van de Peer Y, Rombauts S, Delseny M, Picard A, Demaille J, Moreau H. 2004. In 'Plant and Animal Genomes XII Conference', January 10–14, 2004, San Diego
7 Freshwater DW.(1993. Cytophotometric estimation of interspecific and intraspecific variation in nuclear DNA content in ten taxa of the Gelidiales (Rhodophyta). Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 166: 231-239.
8 Hamada, J., Saito, M. and Ishida, M.R. (1985) Karyology and nuclear DNA quantification of four species of Chaetomorpha (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) from the western Atlantic. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 45: 273-285.
9 Hinson TK, Kapraun DF. 1991. Karyology and nuclear DNA quantification of four species of Chaetomorpha (Cladophorales, Chlorophyta) from the Western Atlantic. Helgolander Meeresuntersuchungen, 45, 273-285.
10 Kapraun DF, Bailey JC, Dutcher JA. (1994. Nuclear genome characterization of the Carrageenophyte Hypnea musciformis (Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology 6: 7-12.
11 Kapraun DF, Dunwoody JT. 2002. Relationship of nuclear genome size to some reproductive cell parameters in the Florideophycidae (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 41: 507-516.
12 Kapraun DF, Bailey JC. 1992. Karyology and cytophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA variation in seven species of Ulvales (Chlorophyta). Japanese Journal of Phycology 40: 13-24.
13 Kapraun DF, Buratti JR. (1998. Evolution of genome size in the Dasycladales (Chlorophyta) as determined by DAPI cytophotometry. Phycologia 37: 176-183.
14 Kapraun DF, Dutcher JA, Freshwater DW. 1993. Quantification and Characterization of Nuclear Genomes in Commercial Red Seaweeds - Gracilariales and Gelidiales. Hydrobiologia 261: 679-688.
15 Kapraun DF, Dutcher JA, Bird KT, Capecchi MF. 1993. Nuclear genome characterization and carrageenan analysis of Gymnogongrus griffithsiae (Rhodophyta) from North Carolina. Journal of Applied Phycology 5: 99-107.
16 Kapraun DF, Dutcher JA, Lopez-Bautista J. 1992. Nuclear genome characterization of the carrageenophyte Agardhiella subulata (Rhodophyta). Journal of Applied Phycology 4: 129-137.
17 Kapraun DF, Ganzon-Fortes E., Bird K, Trono G, Breden C. 1994. Karyology and agar analysis of the agarophyte Gelidiella acerosa (Forsskal) Feldmann et Hamel from the Philippines. Journal of Applied Phycology 6: 545-550.
18 Kapraun DF, Gargiulo GM. Tripodi G. 1988. Nuclear DNA and karyotype variation in species of Codium (Codiales, Chlorophyta) from the North Atlantic. Phycologia 27: 273-282.
19 Kapraun DF, Hinson TK, Lemus AJ. 1991. Karyology and cytophotometric estimation of interspecific and intraspecific nuclear DNA variation in four species of Porphyra (Rhodophyta). Phycologia 30: 458-466.
20 Kapraun DF, Lopez-Bautista J, Trono G, Bird KT. 1996. Quantification and characterization of nuclear genomes in commercial red seaweeds (Gracilariales) from the Philippines. Journal of Applied Phycology 8: 125-130.
21 Kapraun DF, Nguyen MN. 1994. Karyology, nuclear DNA quantification and nucleus-cytoplasmic domain variations in some multinucleate green algae (Siphonocladales, Chlorophyta). Phycologia 33: 42-52.
22 Kapraun DF, Shipley MJ. 1990. Karyology and nuclear DNA quantification in Bryopsis (Chlorophyta) from North Carolina, USA. Phycologia 29: 443-453.
23 Kapraun DF. 2005. Nuclear DNA content estimates in multicellular eukaryotic green, red and brown algae: phylogenetic considerations. Annals of Botany 95: 7-44
24 Kapraun DF. 1994. Cytophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA contents in thirteen species of the Caulerpales (Chlorophyta). Crytogamic Botany 4: 410-418
25 Kapraun DF, Lopez-Bautista J. 1996. Karyology, nuclear genome quantification and characterization of the carrageenophytes Eucheuma and Kappaphycus (Gigartinales). Journal of Applied Phycology 8: 465-471.
26 Kapraun DF. 1993. Karyology and cytophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA content variation in Gracilaria, Gracilariopsis and Hydropuntia (Gracilariales, Rhodophyta). European Journal of Phycology 28: 253-260.
27 Kapraun DF. 1993. Karyology and cytophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA variation in several species of Polysiphonia (Rhodophyta, Ceramiales). Botanica Marina 36: 507-516.
28 Kooistra WHCF, Boelebos SA, Stam WT, Vandenhoek C. 1992. Biogeography of Cladophoropsis membranacea (Siphonocladales, Chlorophyta) as revealed by single copy DNA distances. Botanica Marina 35: 329-336.
29 Le Gall Y, Brown S, Marie D, Mejjad M, Kloareg B. 1993. Quantification of nuclear DNA and G-C content in marine macroalgae by flow cytometry of isolated nuclei. Protoplasma 173: 123-132.
30 Lopez-Bautista J, Kapraun DF. 1995. Agar analysis, nuclear genome quantification and characterization of four agarophytes (Gracilaria) from the Mexican Gulf Coast. Journal of Applied Phycology 7: 351-357.
31 Lopez-Bautista J, Kapraun DF, Waters DA, Chapman RL. 2000. Nuclear DNA quantification and the life cycle in Cephaleuros parasiticus (Trentepohliales Chlorophyta). American Journal of Botany (supplement 6) 87: 248.
32 Maszewski J, Kolodziejczyk P. 1991. Cell cycle duration in antheridial filaments of Chara spp. (Characeae) with different genome size and heterochromatin content. Plant Systematics and Evolution 175: 23-38.
33 Matsuzaki M. et al. 2004. Genome sequence of the ultrasmall unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D. Nature 428: 653-657.
34 Muravenko OV, Selyakh IO, Kononenko NV, Stadnichuk IN. 2001. Chromosome numbers and nuclear DNA contents in the red microalgae Cyanidium caldarium and three Galdieria species. European Journal of Phycology 36: 227-232.
35 Olsen JL, Stam WT, Bot PVM, Vandenhoek C. 1987. ScDNA-DNA hybridization studies in Pacific and Caribbean isolates of Dictyosphaeria cavernosa (Chlorophyta) indicate a long divergence. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 41: 377-383.
36 Singh SJ. 1988. Banaras Hindu University
37 Stam WT, Bot PVM, Boelebos SA, Vanrooij JM, Vandenhoek C. 1988. Single-copy DNA-DNA hybridizations among five species of Laminaria (Phaeophycaea) - phylogenetic and biogeographic implications. Helgoländer Meeresuntersuchungen 42:


Heredity 63: 321-328.
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17 Rees H, Jones GH. 1967. Chromosome evolution in Lolium. Heredity 22: 1-18.
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26 Kadir ZBA. 1974. DNA values in genus Phalaris (Gramineae). Chromosoma 45: 379-386.
27 Verma SC, Rees H. 1974. Nuclear DNA and evolution of allotetraploid Brassicae. Heredity 33: 61-68.
28 Ayonoadu UW. 1974. Nuclear DNA variation in Phaseolus. Chromosoma 48: 41-49.
29 Wallace H, Sparkes CA, Maden M. 1972. Nuclear DNA content of three Crepis species. Heredity 29: 367-373.
30 Price HJ, Sparrow AH, Levis RW, Coggins LW. 1972. High DNA content of Sprekelia formosissima Herbert (Amaryllidaceae) and Ophioglossum petiolatum Hook (Ophioglossaceae). Experimental Cell Research 73: 187-191.
31 Barlow P. (pers. comm. 1974).
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33 Narayan RKJ, Rees H. 1974. Nuclear DNA, heterochromatin and phylogeny of Nicotiana amphidiploids. Chromosoma 47: 75-83.
34 Bullen MR, Rees H. 1972. Nuclear variation within Avenae. Chromosoma 39: 93-100.
35 Iiyama K, Grant WF. 1972. A correlation of nuclear DNA content and thin-layer chromatographic patterns in resolving genome relationships in Avena. Canadian Journal of Botany 50: 1529-1545.
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37 Barlow PW. 1975. Polytene nucleus of giant hair cell of Bryonia anthers. Protoplasma 83: 339-349.
38 Cheng RIJ, Grant WF. 1973. Species relationships in the Lotus corniculatus group as determined by karyotype and cytophotometric analyses. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 15: 101-115.
39 Rothfels K, Heimburg M. 1968. Chromosome size and DNA values in sundews (Droseraceae). Chromosoma 25: 96-103.
40 Southern DI. 1967. Species relationships in genus Tulipa. Chromosoma 23: 80-94.
41 Murray BG. 1975. The cytology of the genus Briza L (Gramineae) . 1. Chromosome numbers, karyotypes and nuclear DNA variation. Chromosoma 49: 299-308.
42 Brown L, Jones N (pers. comm. 1975)
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44 Goepfert D. 1974. Karyotypes and DNA content in species of Ranunculus L. and related genera. Botaniska Notiser 127: 464- 489.
45 Smith JB, Bennett MD. 1975. DNA variation in the genus Ranunculus. Heredity 35: 231-239.
46 Owens S. (pers. comm. 1975).
47 Price HJ, Bachmann K. 1975. DNA content and evolution in the Microseridinae. American Journal of Botany 62: 262- 267.
48 Bachmann K, Price HJ, Bierweiler B. (pers. comm. 1975).
49 Kaltsikes PJ. 1971. The mitotic cycle in an amphiploid (Triticale) and its parental species. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 13: 656-662.
50 Bennett MD, Smith JB. 1971. The 4C nuclear DNA content of several Hordeum genotypes. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 13: 607-611.
51 Borsos OS. 1973. Cytophotometric studies on the DNA content of diploid Lotus species. Acta Botanica Hungarica 18: 49- 58.
52 Guervin C, Le Coq C, Laroche J. 1975. Etude de la garniture chromosomatique et des quantites d'ADN nucleaire: Application a l'evolution du genre Callisia (Commelinaceae). Caryologia 28: 45-56.
53 Maher EP, Fox DP. 1973. Multiplicity of ribosomal RNA genes in Vicia species with different nuclear DNA contents. Nature- New Biology 245: 170-172.
54 Lyndon RF. 1963. Changes in the nucleus during cellular development in the pea seedling. Journal of Experimental Botany 14: 419-430.
55 Bennett MD, Smith JB, Heslop-Harrison JS. 1982. Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 216: 179-199.
56 Brouland M, Guervin C, Le Coq C. 1976. Etude cytologique qualitative et quantitative de la reproduction chez le Delphinum ajacis L. Revue Cytologique Biologie vegetale 39: 121-138.
57 Thompson WF. (pers. comm. 1978).
58 Barlow P. (pers. comm. 1981).
59 Greilhuber J. 1977. Nuclear DNA and heterochromatin contents in Scilla hohenackeri group, S. persica, and Puschkinia scilloides (Liliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 128: 243-257.
60 Nagl W, Capesius I. 1977. Repetitive DNA and heterochomatin as factors of karyotype evolution on phylogeny and ontogeny of orchids. Chromosomes Today 6: 141-152.
61 Nagl W, Habermann T, Fusenig HP. 1977. Nuclear DNA contents four primitive angiosperms. Plant Systematics and Evolution 127: 103-105.
62 Maggini F, De Dominicis RI. 1977. Ribosomal RNA gene number and length of nucleolar secondary constrictions in Bellevalia romana and B. dubia (Liliaceae). Caryologia 30: 97-103.
63 Murin A. 1976. Polyploidy and mitotic cycle. Nucleus 19: 192-195.
64 Conger AD. (pers. comm. 1977).
65 Gupta PK. 1976. Nuclear DNA, nuclear area and nuclear dry mass in 13 species of Crotalaria (Angiospermae, Leguminosae). Chromosoma 54: 155-164.
66 Nagl W, Capesius I. 1976. Molecular and cytological characteristics of nuclear DNA and chromatin for angiosperm systematics - Basic data for Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 126: 221-237.
67 Flamm WG, Birnstiel ML. 1964. The nuclear synthesis of ribosomes in cell cultures. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 87: 101- 110.
68 Stockli B, Brandle R, Erismann KH. 1975. Effects of low SO2 concentrations on mitotic-activity and on cell-cycle of duckweed (Lemna minor L.). Experientia 31: 795-796.
69 Ingle J, Timmis JN, Sinclair J. 1975. Relationship between satellite deoxyribonucleic acid, ribosomal ribonucleic acid gene redundancy, and genome size in plants. Plant Physiology 55: 496-501.
70 Price HJ, Bachmann K. 1976. Mitotic cycle time and DNA content in annual and perennial Microseridinae (Compositae, Cichoriaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 126: 323-330.
71 Doerschug EB, Miksche JP, Stern H. 1976. DNA variation and ribosomal DNA constancy in two Crepis species and interspecific hybrid exhibiting nucleolar organiser suppression. Heredity 37: 441-450.
72 Seal AG. (pers. comm. 1979).
73 Albers F. 1980. Comparative karyology of the grass subtribes Aristaveninae and Airinae (Poaceae - Aveneae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 136: 137-167.
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74 Miller MB, Lyndon RF. 1977. Changes in RNA levels in shoot apex of Silene during transition to flowering. Planta 136: 167- 172.
75 Johnson DL. 1975 Thesis cited by Van't Hof, J. In The duration of chromosomal DNA synthesis of the mitotic cycle, and meiosis of higher plants. Handbook of Genetics, vol. 2 (ed. R.C. King), pp. 363-377. New York: Plenum Press.
76 Gould AR, Bayliss MW, Street HE. 1974. Studies on growth in culture of plant cells .17. Analysis of cell cycle of asynchronously dividing Acer pseudoplatanus cells in suspension culture. Journal of Experimental Botany 25: 468-478.
77 Narayan RKI. (pers. comm. 1978)
78 Capesius I. 1976. Isolation and characterization of native AT-rich satellite DNA from nuclei of the orchid Cymbidium. FEBS Letters 68: 255-258.
79 Schaefer VG, Miksche JP. 1977. Microspectrophotometric determination of DNA per cell and polyploidy in Fraxinus americana L. Silvae Genetica 26: 184-192.
80 Bosen H, Nagl W. 1978. Short duration of mitotic and endomitotic cell cycle in heterochromatin-rich monocot Allium carinatum. Cell Biology International Reports 2: 565-571.
81 Nagl W, Fusenig HP. 1979. Types of chromatin organization in plant nuclei. Plant Systematics and Evolution Suppl. 2: 221- 233.
82 Schaffner KH, Nagl W. 1979. Differential DNA replication involved in transition from juvenile to adult phase in Hedera helix (Araliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution Suppl. 2: 105-110.
83 Kessler B, Reches S. 1977. Structural and functional changes in chromosomal DNA during aging and phase change in plants. Chromosomes Today 6: 237-246.
84 Nagl W. (pers. comm.).
85 Nagl W. 1976. Early embryogenesis in Tropaeolum majus L. - Evolution of DNA content and polyteny in the suspensor. Plant Science Letters 7: 1-6.
86 Nagl W, Frisch B, Frolich E. 1979. Extra DNA during floral induction. Plant Systematics and Evolution Suppl. 2: 111- 118.
87 Doerschug EB, Miksche JP, Palmer RG. 1978. DNA content, ribosomal RNA gene number, and protein content in soybeans. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 20: 531-538.
88 Lack HW, Sack G, Bachmann K. 1978. The genome of Dendroseris litoralis, and arboreal insular endemic of the tribe Lactucaeae (Asteraceae). Beitr. Biol. Pfl. 54: 425-441.
89 Greilhuber J. 1979. Evolutionary changes of DNA and heterochromatin amounts in the Scilla bifolia group (Liliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution Suppl. 2: 263-280.
90 Greilhuber J. 1978. DNA contents, Giemsa banding, and systematics in Scilla bifolia, S. drunensis, and S. vindobonensis (Liliaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 130: 223-233.
91 Kadir ZBA. 1976. DNA evolution in the genus Gossypium. Chromosoma 56: 85-94.
92 Edwards GA, Endrizzi JE, Stein R. 1974. Genome DNA content and chromosome organization in Gossypium. Chromosoma 47: 309-326.
93 Furuta Y. 1975. Quantitative variation of nuclear DNA in the genus Aegilops. Japanese Journal of Genetics 50: 383-392.
94 Stucky J, Jackson RC. 1975. DNA content of seven species of Astereae and its significance to theories of chromosome evolution in the Tribe. American Journal of Botany 62: 509-518.
95 Iyengar GAS, Sen SK. 1978. Nuclear DNA content of several wild and cultivated Oryza species. Environmental and Experimental Botany 18: 219-224.
96 Rolinson AE. 1976. Rates of cell-division in the vegetative shoot apex of rice (Oryza sativa L.). Annals of Botany 40: 939- 945.
97 Siegel A, Lightfoot D, Ward OG, Keener S. 1973. DNA complementary to ribosomal RNA: a relation between genomic proportion and ploidy. Science 179: 682-683.
98 Geber G, Hasibeder G. 1980. Cytophotometric estimation of DNA contents - comparison of a new DAPI fluorescence method with Feulgen absorbance photometry. Microscopica Acta Suppl. 4: 31-35.
99 Bachmann K, Chambers KL, Price HJ. 1979. Genome size and phenotypic evolution in Microseris (Asteraceae, Cichorieae). Plant Systematics and Evolution Suppl. 2: 41-41.
100 Greilhuber J. 1979. C-band distribution, DNA content and base composition in Adoxa moschatellina (Adoxaceae), a plant with cold sensitive chromosome segments. Plant Systematics and Evolution 131: 243-259.
101 Davies POL, Rees H. 1975. Mitotic cycles in Triticum species. Heredity 35: 337-345.
102 Hutchinson J, Rees H, Seal AG. 1979. Assay of the activity of supplementary DNA in Lolium. Heredity 43: 411-421.
103 Essad S, Vallade J, Cornu A. 1975. Interphase variations in nucleus volume and DNA content of Petunia hybrida zygote - Metabolic consequences. Caryologia 28: 207-224.
104 Greilhuber J, Deumling B, Speta F. 1981. Evolutionary aspects of chromosome banding, heterochromatin, satellite DNA, and genome size in Scilla (Liliaceae). Berichte Der Deutschen Botanischen Gesellschaft 94: 249-266.
105 Bennett MD, Smith JB, Lewis Smith RI. 1982. DNA amounts of angiosperms from the Antarctic and South Georgia. Environmental and Experimental Botany 22: 307-318.
106 Hutchinson J, Narayan RKJ, Rees H. 1980. Constraints upon the composition of supplementary DNA. Chromosoma 78: 137- 145.
107 Greilhuber J. (pers. comm. 1982).
108 Bennett MD, Smith JB. 1991. Nuclear DNA amounts in angiosperms. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B-Biological Sciences 334: 309-345.
109 Martin NJ. 1983. Nuclear DNA varition in the Australasian Loranthaceae. In Biology of mistletoes (ed. M Calder & P. Berhnhardt), pp. 277-293, Sydney: Academic Press.
110 Grime JP, Mowforth MA. 1982. Variation in genome size - an ecological interpretation. Nature 299: 151-153.
111 Marchi P, Illuminati O, Macioce A, Capineri R, Damato G. 1983. Genome evolution and polyploidy in Leucanthemum vulgare Lam. aggr (Compositae) - Karyotype analysis and DNA microdensitometry. Caryologia 36: 1-18.
112 Raina SN, Rees H. 1983. DNA variation between and within chromosome complements of Vicia species. Heredity 51: 335- 346.
113 Narayan RKJ. 1982. Discontinuous DNA variation in the evolution of plant species - the genus Lathyrus. Evolution 36: 877- 891.
114 Lawrence ME. 1985. Senecio L. (Asteraceae) in Australia - Nuclear DNA amounts. Australian Journal of Botany 33: 221- 232.
115 Resslar PM, Stucky JM, Miksche JP. 1981. Cytophotometric determination of the amount of DNA in Arachis L. sect. Arachis (Leguminosae). American Journal of Botany 68: 149-153.
116 Sims LE, Price HJ. 1985. Nuclear DNA content variation in Helianthus (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 72: 1213- 1219.
117 Schifino MT, Winge H. 1985. Karyoptypes and nuclear DNA content of species of the Briza complex and some other genera of Poeae (Gramineae). Review of Brazilian Genetics 6: 245-259.
118 Le Coq C et al. 1978. La quantite d'ADN nucleaire & la garniture chromosomique chez quelques ombelliferes. Actes 2e Sympos. Internat. sur Ombelliferes. 'Contributions pluridisciplinairesa la systematique'. Perpignan 281-291.
119 Jones K, Kenton A. 1984 Mechanisms of chromosome change in the evolution of the tribe Tradescantieae (Commelinaceae). In: Chromosomes in evolution of eukaryotic groups (ed. A. Sharma & A.K. Sharma), pp. 143-168. Boca
120 Martinez AJ. 1978. Chromosome relationships in the Tradescantia crassifolia alliance. Ph.D. thesis, University of Reading, U.K.
121 Kenton A. (pers. comm. 1984).
122 Grif VG, Valovich EM, Lebedeva NV. 1980. Parameters of the mitotic cycle in two species of Trillium L. Tsitologiya 22: 1331-1338.
123 Barlow PW, Rathfelder EL. 1984. Correlations between the dimensions of different zones of grass root apices, and their implications for morphogenesis and differentiation in roots. Annals of Botany 53: 249-260.
124 Anderson LK, Stack SM, Fox MH, Zhang CS. 1985. The relationship between genome size and synaptonemal complex length in higher plants. Experimental Cell Research 156: 367-378.
125 Dhillon SS, Rake AV, Miksche JP. 1980. Reassociation kinetics and cytophotometric characterization of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) DNA. Plant Physiology 65: 1121-1127.
126 Kuriyan N. 1984. (Unpublished values communicated by R.K. Narayan).
127 Ramachandran C, Narayan RKJ. 1985. Chromosomal DNA variation in Cucumis. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 69: 497- 502.
128 Watson EM. (pers. comm. 1981).
129 Armstrong SW, Kidd AD, Francis D, Jones LH, Smith G. (pers. comm. 1984).
130 Barlow P. (pers. comm. 1981).
131 Jones L, Barfield D, Barrett J, Flook A, Pollock K, Robinson P. 1982. Cytology of oil palm cultures and regenerant plants. Proceedings of the 5th International Congress of Plant Tissue and Cell Culture. 727-728.
132 Laurie DA, Bennett MD. 1985. Nuclear DNA content in the genera Zea and Sorghum - Intergeneric, interspecific and intraspecific variation. Heredity 55: 307-313.
133 Grime JP, Shacklock JML, Band SR. 1985. Nuclear DNA contents, shoot phenology and species co-existence in a limestone grassland community. New Phytologist 100: 435-445.
134 Ohri D, Khoshoo TN. 1982. Cytogenetics of cultivated Bougainvilleas .10. Nuclear DNA content. Zeitschrift Fur Pflanzenzuchtung 88: 168-173.
135 Black CL, Beckmann RL. 1983. The variability of nuclear DNA and its implications for polyploidy in White Ash (Fraxinus americana L, Oleaceae). American Journal of Botany 70: 1420-1423.
136 Hake S, Walbot V. 1980. The genome of Zea mays, its organization and homology to related grasses. Chromosoma 79: 251- 270.
137 Goldblatt P, Walbot V, Zimmer EA. 1984. Estimation of genome size (C-value) in Iridaceae by cytophotometry. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden 71: 176-180.
138 Nagato Y, Yamamoto K, Yamashita H. 1981. Variation of DNA content in Asian rice. Japanese Journal of Genetics 56: 483- 493.
139 Armstrong SW, Kidd AD, Francis D. (pers. comm. 1984).
140 Guerra M dos S. 1984. Cytogenetics of Rutaceae. 2. Nuclear DNA content. Caryologia 37: 219-226.
141 Guerra M. dos S. 1983. Variacao no conteudo de DNA nuclear de Pisum sativum L. Ciencia e Cultura 35: 1661-1663.
142 Pearson GG, Timmis JN, Ingle J. 1974. The differential replication of DNA during plant development. Chromosoma 45: 281-294.
143 Murray MG, Cuellar RE, Thompson WF. 1978. DNA sequence organization in the pea genome. Biochemistry 17: 5781- 5790.
144 Kiper M, Herzfeld F. 1978. DNA sequence organization in the genome of Petroselinum sativum (Umbelliferae). Chromosoma 65: 335-351.
145 Greilhuber J. 1982. Trends in der Chromosomenevolution von Scilla (Liliaceae). Stapfia 10: 11-51.
146 Goldberg RB. 1978. DNA sequence organization in the soybean plant. Biochemical Genetics 16: 45-68.
147 Zimmerman JL, Goldberg RB. 1977. DNA sequence organization in the genome of Nicotiana tabacum. Chromosoma 59:
148 Greenlee JK, Rai KS, Floyd AD. 1984. Intraspecific variation in nuclear DNA content in Collinsia verna Nutt (Scrophulariaceae). Heredity 52: 235-242.
149 Yamamoto K, Nagato Y. 1984. Variation of DNA content in the genus Glycine. Japanese Journal of Breeding 34: 163- 170.
150 Belford HS, Thompson WF. 1981. Single copy DNA homologies in Atriplex. 1. Cross-reactivity estimates and the role of deletions in genome evolution. Heredity 46: 91-108.
151 Walbot V, Dure LS. 1976. Developmental biochemistry of cotton seed embryogenesis and germination. VII . Characterization of the cotton genome. Journal of Molecular Biology 101: 503-536.
152 Narayan RKJ, Rees H. 1976. Nuclear DNA variation in Lathyrus. Chromosoma 54: 141-154.
153 Kenton A. 1984. Chromosome evolution in the Gibasis linearis group (Commelinaceae). III. DNA variation, chromosome evolution, and speciation in Gibasis venustula and Gibasis heterophylla. Chromosoma 90: 303-310.
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161 Chauhan KPS, Brandham PE. 1985. Chromosome and DNA variation in Amorphophallus (Araceae). Kew Bulletin 40: 745- 758.
162 Leutwiler LS, Hough-Evans BR, Meyerowitz EM. 1984. The DNA of Arabidopsis thaliana. Molecular & General Genetics 194: 15-23.
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171 Stewart DA, Barlow BA. 1976. Genomic differentiation and polyploidy in Sowerbaea (Liliaceae). Australian Journal of
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174 Poggio L, Hunziker JH. 1986. Nuclear DNA content variation in Bulnesia. Journal of Heredity 77: 43-48.
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179 White J, Rees H. 1987. Chromosome weights and measures in Petunia. Heredity 58: 139-143.
180 Samuel R, Smith JB, Bennett MD. 1986. Nuclear DNA variation in Piper (Piperaceae). Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 28: 1041-1043.
181 Martínez A, Ginzo HD. 1985. DNA content in Tradescantia. Canadian Journal of Genetics and Cytology 27: 766-775.
182 Naranjo CA, Poggio L. 1988. A comparison of karyotype, Ag-NOR bands and DNA content in Amaryllis and Hippeastrum (Amaryllidaceae). Kew Bulletin 43: 317-325.
183 Raina SN, Srivastav PK, Rama Rao S. 1986. Nuclear DNA variation in Tephrosia. Genetica 69: 27-33.
184 Vosa CG. 1986. Chromosome studies in the genus Gethyllis (Amaryllidaceae). Caryologia 39: 251-257.
185 Ohri D, Kumar A. 1986. Nuclear DNA amounts in some tropical hardwoods. Caryologia 39: 303-307.
186 Ohri D, Kumar A, Pal M. 1986. Correlations between 2C DNA values and habit in Cassia (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 153: 223-227.
187 Greilhuber J, Speta F. 1985. Geographical variation of genome size at low taxonomic levels in the Scilla bifolia alliance (Hyacinthaceae). Flora 176: 431-438.
188 Greilhuber J, Strehl S. 1985. Deviating basic genome size in a hexaploid population of Scilla bifolia agg. in the valley Kreuttal (Weinviertel; Lower Austria). Stapfia 14: 127-134.
189 Raina SN, Bisht MS. 1988. DNA amounts and chromatin compactness in Vicia. Genetica 77: 65-77.
190 Maxted N, Callimassia MA, Bennett MD. 1991. Cytotaxonomic studies of Eastern Mediterranean Vicia species (Leguminosae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 177: 221-234.
191 Labani RM, Elkington TT. 1987. Nuclear DNA variation in the genus Allium L. (Liliaceae). Heredity 59: 119-128.
192 Brandham PE, West JP. 1993. Correlation between nuclear DNA values and differing optimal ploidy levels in Narcissus, Hyacinthus and Tulipa cultivars. Genetica 90: 1-8.
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195 Poggio L, Burghardt AD, Hunziker JH. 1989. Nuclear DNA variation in diploid and polyploid taxa of Larrea (Zygophyllaceae).
196 D'Ovidio R, Marchi P. 1990. DNA content, karyotype structure analysis and karyotype symmetry in Ranunculus L. (Ranunculaceae). Italian species belonging to sections Flammula (Webb) Benson and Micranthus (Ovcz.) Nyarady. Caryologia
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200 Cox AV, Bennett ST, Parokonny AS, Kenton A, Callimassia MA, Bennett MD. 1993. Comparison of plant telomere locations using a PCR-generated synthetic probe. Annals of Botany 72: 239-247.
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202 Greilhuber J, Speta F. 1989. A Giemsa C-banding and DNA content study in Scilla cilicica and S. morrisii, two little known sibling species of the S. siberica alliance (Hyacinthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 165: 71-83.
203 Greilhuber J. 1988. "Self-tanning" - a new and important source of stoichiometric error in cytophotometric determination of nuclear DNA content in plants. Plant Systematics and Evolution 158: 87-96.
204 Murray BG. 1984. The structure, meiotic behaviour and effects of B chromosomes in Briza humilis Bieb. (Gramineae). Genetica 63: 213-219.
205 González-Aguilera JJ, Ludeña Reyes P, Fernández-Peralta AM. 1990. Intra- and interspecific variations in nuclear parameters of two closely related species of Narcissus L. Genetica 82: 25-31.
206 Chattopadhyay D, Sharma AK. 1990. Chromosome studies and estimation of nuclear DNA in different varieties of Cuminum cyminum L. and Carum copticum Benth. and Hook. Cytologia 55: 631-637.
207 Murray BG, Cameron EK, Standring LS. 1992. Chromosome numbers, karyotypes, and nuclear DNA variation in Pratia Gaudin (Lobeliaceae). New Zealand Journal of Botany 30: 181-187.
208 Pringle GJ, Murray BG. 1991. Karyotype diversity and nuclear DNA variation in Cyphomandra. In: Hawkes JG, Lester RN, Nee M, Estrada N, eds. Solanaceae III: Taxonomy, Chemistry, Evolution. London: RBG Kew for The Linnean Society of London,
209 Ohri D, Nazeer MA, Pal M. 1981. Cytophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA in some ornamentals. Nucleus 24: 39-42.
210 Ohri, D, & Pal, M. 1991 The origin of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): karyotype and nuclear DNA amount. Heredity 66, 367- 372.
211 Murray BG, Hammett KRW, Standring LS. 1992. Genomic constancy during the development of Lathyrus odoratus cultivars. Heredity 68: 321-327.
212 Hiremath SC, Murthy HN, Salimath SS. 1992. Quantitative nuclear DNA differences associated with genome evolution in Guizotia (Compositae). Genetica 85: 241-247.
213 Bailey JP, Stace CA. 1992. Chromosome number, morphology, pairing, and DNA values of species and hybrids in the genus Fallopia (Polygonaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 180: 29-52.
214 Chattopadhyay D, Sharma AK. 1991. Chromosome studies and nuclear DNA in relation to sex difference and plant habit in two species of Cucurbitaceae. Cytologia 56: 409-417.
215 Styles BT, Bennett ST. 1992. Notes on the morphology, chemistry, ecology, conservation status and cytology of Schmardaea microphylla (Meliaceae). Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 108: 359-373.
216 Das AB, Mallick R. 1989. Variation in 4C DNA content and chromosome characteristics in different varieties of Coriandrum sativum L. Cytologia 54: 609-616.
217 Das AB. 1991. Genome analysis and variation of 4C DNA content in the subtribe Carinae. Cytologia 56: 627-632.
218 Hiremath SC, Salimath SS. 1991. Quantitative nuclear DNA changes in Eleucine (Gramineae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 178: 225-233.
219 Chakravarty B, Sen S. 1992. Chromosomes and nuclear DNA in regenerants of Scilla indica (Roxb.) Baker derived from two explant sources. Cytologia 57: 41-46.
220 Ignacimuthu S, Babu CR. 1988. Nuclear DNA and RNA amounts in the wild and cultivated Urd and Mung beans and their M1 plants. Cytologia 53: 535-541.
221 Finch RA, Osborne JF. 1990. Chromosome numbers and DNA amounts in Agave variants. East African Agricultural and Forestry Journal 55: 213-218.
222 Banerjee S, Sharma AK. 1987. Cytophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA in different species and varieties of Agave. Cytologia 52: 85-90.
223 Fernandez A, Daviña, JR. 1991. Heterochromatin and genome size in Fortunatia and Camassia (Hyacinthaceae). Kew Bulletin 46: 307-316.
224 Samad MA, Kabir G, Islam, AS. 1992. Interphase nuclear structure and heterochromatin in two species of Corchorus and their F1 hybrid. Cytologia 57: 21-25.
225 Sen J, Mukherjee S, Sharma, AK. 1990. Study of chromosomes, DNA amount, and in vitro growth in different species of
226 Ceccarelli M, Falistocco E, Cionini PG. 1992. Variation of genome size and organization within hexaploid Festuca arundinacea. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 83: 273-278.
227 Arumuganathan K, Earle ED. 1991. Nuclear DNA content of some important plant species. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 9: 208-218.
228 Arumuganathan K, Earle ED. 1991. Estimation of nuclear DNA content of plants by flow cytometry. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 9: 229-233.
229 Michaelson MJ, Price HJ, Ellison JR, Johnston JS. 1991. Comparison of plant DNA contents determined by feulgen microspectrophotometry and laser flow cytometry. American Journal of Botany 78: 183-188.
230 Dolezel J, Sgorbati S, Lucretti S. 1992. Comparison of three DNA fluorochromes for flow cytometric estimation of nuclear DNA content in plants. Physiologia Plantarum 85: 625-631.
231 Vagera J, Pauliková D, Dolezel J. 1994. The development of male and female regenerants by in vitro androgenesis in dioecious plant Melandrium album. Annals of Botany 73: 455-459.
232 Dolezel J, Dolezelová M, Novák FJ. 1994. Flow cytometric estimation of nuclear DNA amount in diploid bananas (Musa acuminata and M. balbisiana). Biologia Plantarum 36: 351-357.
233 Biradar DP, Rayburn AL. 1993. Heterosis and nuclear DNA content in maize. Heredity 71: 300-304.
234 Tito CM, Poggio L, Naranjo CA. 1991. Cytogenetic studies in the genus Zea 3. DNA content and heterochromatin in species and hybrids. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 83: 58-64.
235 Michaelson MJ, Price HJ, Johnston JS, Ellison JR. 1991. Variation of nuclear DNA content in Helianthus annuus (Asteraceae). American Journal of Botany 78: 1238-1243.
236 Bahl JR, Srivastava HK. 1987. Nuclear DNA variations in Withania somnifera Dun. and Cassia angustifolia Vahl. Nucleus 30: 99-100.
237 Chattopadhyay D, Sharma AK. 1990. Chromosome studies and microspectrophotometric estimation of nuclear DNA in different strains of Coriandrum sativum L. Cytobios 64: 43-51.
238 Das AB, Mallick R. 1989. Variation in karyotype and nuclear DNA content in different varieties of Foeniculum vulgare Mill. Cytologia 54: 129-134.
239 Figueira A, Janick J, Goldsbrough P. 1992. Genome size and DNA polymorphism in Theobroma cacao. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 117: 673-677.
240 Galbraith DW, Harkins KR, Maddox JM, Ayres NM, Sharma DP, Firoozabady E. 1983. Rapid flow cytometric analysis of the cell cycle in intact plant tissues. Science 220: 1049-1051.
241 Lavania UC. 1985. Nuclear DNA and karyomorphological studies in Vetiver (Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash.). Cytologia 50: 177-185.
242 Keeler KH, Kwankin B, Barnes PW, Galbraith DW. 1987. Polyploid polymorphism in Andropogon gerardii. Genome 29: 374- 379.
243 Ohri D, Khoshoo TN. 1987. Nuclear DNA contents in the genus Ficus (Moraceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 156: 1-
244 Jackson RC, Crane CF, Johnston JS, Ellison JR, Price HJ. 1993. Aneuploidy, structural chromosome changes, and DNA amounts in the annual taxa of the Haplopappus spinulosus complex. Chromosome Research 1: 53-61.
245 Hamon P, Brizard J-P, Zoundjihékpon J, Duperray C, Borgel A. 1992. Étude des index d'ADN de huit espèces d'ignames (Dioscorea sp.) par cytométrie en flux. Canadian Journal of Botany 70: 996-1000.
246 Taylor MG, Vasil IK. 1987. Analysis of DNA size, content and cell cycle in leaves of Napier grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schum.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 74: 681-686.
247 Srivastava S, Lavania UC. 1987. Karyomorphology and DNA amount in relation to chiasma formation in Hyoscyamus L. Nucleus 30: 94-98.
248 Ulrich I, Fritz B, Ulrich W. 1988. Application of DNA fluorochromes for flow cytometric DNA analysis of plant protoplasts. Plant Science 55: 151-158.
249 Nath P, Ohri D, Pal M. 1992. Nuclear DNA content in Celosia (Amaranthaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 182: 253-
250 Narayan RKJ, Parida A, Vij SP. 1989. DNA variation in Orchidaceae. Nucleus 32: 71-75.
251 Ohri D, Jha SS, Kumar S. 1994. Variability in nuclear DNA content within pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.). Plant Systematics and Evolution 189: 211-216.
252 Dhillon SS, Miksche JP. 1982. DNA content and heterochromatin variations in various tissues of peanut (Arachis hypogaea). American Journal of Botany 69: 219-226.
253 Dhillon SS, Miksche JP. 1983. DNA, RNA, protein and heterochromatin changes during embryo development and germination of soybean (Glycine max L.). Histochemical Journal 15: 21-37.
254 Rayburn AL, Auger JA. 1990. Genome size variation in Zea mays ssp. mays adapted to different altitudes. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 79: 470-474.
255 Furuta Y, Nishikawa K, Makino T, Sawai Y. 1984. Variation in DNA content of 21 individual chromosomes among six subspecies in common wheat. Japanese Journal of Genetics 59: 83-90.
256 König C, Ebert I, Greilhuber J. 1987. A DNA cytophotometric and chromosome banding study in Hedera helix (Araliaceae), with reference to differential DNA replication associated with juvenile-adult phase change. Genome 29: 498-503.
257 Costich DE, Ortiz R, Meagher TR, Bruederle LP, Vorsa N. 1993. Determination of ploidy level and nuclear DNA content in blueberry by flow cytometry. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 86: 1001-1006.
258 Jacobsen E, Tempelaar MJ, Bijmolt EW. 1983. Ploidy levels in leaf callus and regenerated plants of Solanum tuberosum determined by cytophotometric measurements of protoplasts. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 65: 113-118.
259 Hülgenhof E, Weidhase RA, Schlegel R, Tewes A. 1988. Flow cytometric determination of DNA content in isolated nuclei of
260 Kenton A, Drakeford A. 1990. Genome size and karyotype evolution in Tradescantia section Cymbispatha (Commelinaceae). Genome 33: 604-610.
261 Sharma DP, Firoozabady E, Ayres NM. Galbraith DW. 1983. Improvement of anther culture in Nicotiana: Media, cultural conditions and flow cytometric determination of ploidy levels. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenphysiologie 111: 441-451.
262 Dickson EE, Arumuganathan K, Kresovich S, Doyle JJ. 1992. Nuclear DNA content variation within the Rosaceae. American Journal of Botany 79: 1081-1086.
263 Gomez M, Johnston JS, Ellison JR, Price HJ. 1993. Nuclear 2C DNA content of Gossypium hirsutum L. accessions determined by flow cytometry. Biologisches Zentralblatt 112: 351-357.
264 Rayburn AL, Auger JA, Benzinger EA, Hepburn AG. 1989. Detection of intraspecific DNA content variation in Zea mays L. by flow cytometry. Journal of Experimental Botany 40: 1179-1183.
265 Furuta Y, Nishikawa K, Yamaguchi S. 1986. Nuclear DNA content in diploid wheat and its relatives in relation to the phylogeny of tetraploid wheat. Japanese Journal of Genetics 61: 97-105.
266 Pijnacker LP, Schotsman HD. 1988. Nuclear DNA amounts in European Callitriche species (Callitrichaceae). Acta Botanica Neerlandica 37: 129-135.
267 Johnson MAT, Kenton AY, Bennett MD, Brandham PE. 1989. Voanioala gerardii has the highest known chromosome number in the monocotyledons. Genome 32: 328-333.
268 Kenton A, Dickie JB, Langton DH, Bennett MD. 1990. Nuclear DNA amount and karyotype symmetry in Cypella and Hesperoxiphion (Tigridieae; Iridaceae). Evolutionary Trends in Plants 4: 59-69.
269-A Kenton AY, Owens SJ. (pers. comm. 1988).
269-B Fernandez A, Brandham PE. (pers. comm. 1988).
269-C Kenton AY. (pers. comm. 1988).
269-D Baum A, Kenton AY, Bennett MD. (pers. comm. 1989).
269-E Lewis R, Kenton AY. (pers. comm. 1989).
269-F Akmal A. (pers. comm. 1989).
269-G Kenton AY, Bennett MD. (pers. comm. 1990).
269-H Callimassia MA, Bennett MD. (pers. comm. 1992).
269-I Hanson L, Johnson MAT, Brandham PE. (pers. comm. 1993).
269-J Bennett ST, Bennett MD. (pers. comm. 1993).
269-K Mercado-Ruaro P, Kenton AY. (pers. comm. 1993).
270 Unpublished values from the Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
271 Röser M, Johnson MAT, Hanson L. 1997. Nuclear DNA amounts in palms (Arecaceae). Botanica Acta 110: 79-89.
272 Bharathan G, Lambert G, Galbraith DW. 1994. Nuclear DNA content of monocotyledons and related taxa. American Journal of Botany 81: 381-386.
273 Lodhi MA, Reisch BI. 1995. Nuclear DNA content of Vitis species, cultivars and other genera of the Vitaceae. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 90: 11-16.
274 Marañón T, Grubb PJ. 1993. Physiological basis and ecological significance of the seed size and relative growth rate relationship in Mediterranean annuals. Functional Ecology 7: 591-599.
275 Creber HMC, Davies MS, Francis D, Walker HD. 1994. Variation in DNA C value in natural populations of Dactylis glomerata L. New Phytologist 128: 555-561.
276 Cavallini A, Natali L, Cionini G, Castorena-Sanchez I. 1996. Cytophotometric and biochemical analyses of DNA in pentaploid and diploid Agave species. Genome 39: 266-271.
277 Galasso I, Frediani M, Maggiani M, Cremonini R, Pignone D. 1996. Chromatin characterization by banding techniques, in situ hybridization, and nuclear DNA content in Cicer L. (Leguminosae). Genome 39: 258-265.
278 Palomino G, Romo G, Zárate S. 1995. Chromosome numbers and DNA content in some taxa of Leucaena (Fabaceae Mimosoideae). Cytologia 60: 31-37.
279 Lakhanpaul S, Babu CR. 1991. Genome size and evolution in asiatic Vigna Savi. In: Symposium on Grain Legumes, New Delhi. pp 47-57.
280 Cerbah M, Couland J, Godelle B, Siljak-Yakovlev S. 1995. Genome size, fluorochrome banding and karyotype evolution in some Hypochoeris species. Genome 38: 689-695.
281 Callimassia MA. 1993. PhD Thesis ‘Spatial patterns of chromosome disposition in dicotyledonous plant hybrids. University of Reading
282 Bidak L, Brandham PE. 1995. Intraspecific uniformity of chromosome number and nuclear DNA quantity in two egyptian weedy species, Malva parviflora (Malvaceae) and Trigonella stellata (Leguminosae). Kew Bulletin 50: 595-599.
283 Roser M. 1995. Typification of the names of two widespread Eurasian grass species: Avena pratensis L. and A. pubescens Huds. (Poaceae: Helitotrichon) Taxon 44: 395-399.
284 Misset MT, Gourret JP. 1996. Flow cytometric analysis of the different ploidy levels observed in the genus Ulex L. Faboideae-Genisteae in Brittany (France). Botanica Acta 109: 72-79.
285 Rayburn AL, Biradar DP, Bullock DG, McMurphy LM. 1993. Nuclear DNA content in F1 hybrids of maize. Heredity 70: 294-
286 Awoleye F, van Duren M, Dolezel J, Novak FJ. 1994. Nuclear DNA content and in vitro induced somatic polyploidization cassava (Mannihot esculenta Crantz) breeding. Euphytica 76: 195-202.
287 Cremonini R, Funari S, Galasso I, Pignone D. 1993. Cytology of Vicia species II. Banding patterns and chromatin organization in Vicia atropurpurea Desf. Heredity 70: 628-633.
288 Ozias-Akins P, Jarret R.L 1994. Nuclear DNA content and ploidy levels in the genus Ipomoea. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science 119: 110-115.
289 Mukerjee S, Sharma AK. 1993. In situ nuclear DNA content in perennial fast and slow growing acacias from arid zones. Cytobios 75: 33-36.
290 Marie D, Brown SC. 1993. A cytometric exercise in plant DNA histograms, with 2C values for 70 species. Biological Cell 78: 41-51.
291 Costich DE, Meagher TR, Yurkow EJ. 1991. A rapid means of sex identification in Silene latifolia by use of flow cytometry. Plant Molecular Biology Reporter 9: 359-370.
292 Buitendijk JH, Boon EJ, Ramanna MS. 1997. Nuclear DNA content in twelve species of Alstroemeria L. and some of their hybrids. Annals of Botany 79: 343-353
293 Das AB, Mallick R. 1993. Karyotype diversity and interspecific 4C DNA variation in Bupleurum. Biologica Plantarum 35: 355- 363.
294 Das AB, Mallick R. 1989. Interrelationships between karyotype interphase nuclear volume, in situ DNA content and seed ultrastructure in Anethum graveolens L. Perspectives in Cytology and Genetcis (Ed. GK Manna and U Sinha) 6: 211-218
295 Das AB, Mallick R. 1993. Nuclear DNA and chromosome changes within the tribe Ammineae. Cytobios 74: 197-207
296 Nagpal R et al. 1996. Transfer of Brassica tournefortii genes to allotetraploid oilseed Brassica sp. (B. juncea, B. napus, B. carinata): homoeologous pairing is more pronounced in 3-genome hybrids as compared to allodiploids. Theoretical and Applied
297 Singh KP, Raina SN, Singh AK. 1996. Variation in chromosomal DNA associated with the evolution of Arachis species. Genome 39, 890-897.
298 Greilhuber J, Obermayer R. (pers. comm. 1996)
299 Ohri D, Fritsch R, Hanelt P. (pers. comm. 1996).
300 Cox AV, Abdelnour DG, Bennett MD, Leitch IJ. (pers. comm. 1996).
301 Ohri D. (pers comm. 1996)
302 Ohri D. 1996. Genome size and polyploidy variation in the tropical hardwood genus Terminalia (Combretaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 200: 225-232.
303 Ohri D. (pers. comm. 1996)
304 Baranyi M, Greilhuber J. 1995. Flow cytometric analysis of genome size variation in cultivated and wild Pisum sativum (Fabaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 194: 231-239.
305 Baranyi M, Greilhuber J. 1996. Flow cytometric and Feulgen analysis of genome size variation in Pisum. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 92: 297-307.
306-A Doherty MJ, Brandham PE. (pers. comm. 1990)
306-B Fraser E, Brandham PE. (pers. comm. 1994).
306-C Treu R, Johnson MAT. (pers. comm. 1996.)
307 Jones WE, Kuehnle AR, Arumuganathan K. 1998. Nuclear DNA content of 26 Orchid (Orchidaceae) genera with emphasis on Dendrobium. Annals of Botany 82: 189-194.
308 Martel E, de Nay D, Šiljak-Yakovlev S, Brown S, Sarr A. 1997. Genome size variation and basic chromosome number in pearl millet and fourteen related Pennisetum species. Journal of Heredity 88: 139-143.
309 Cros J, Gavalda MC, Chabrillange N, Récalt C, Duperray C, Hamon S. 1994. Variations in the total nuclear DNA content in African Coffea species (Rubiaceae). Café Cacao 38: 3-10.
310 Cremonini R, Colonna N, Stefani A, Galasso I, Pignone D. 1994. Nuclear DNA content, chromatin organization and chromosome banding in brown and yellow seeds of Dasypyrum villosum (L.) P. Candargy. Heredity 72: 365-373.
311 Lindsay GC, Hopping ME, O’Brien IEW. 1994. Detection of protoplast-derived DNA tetraploid Lisianthus (Eustoma grandiflorum) plants by leaf and flower characteristics and by flow cytometry. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 38: 53-55.
312 Li R, Liu C. 1996. DNA content of some taxa of Vicia sect. Vicilla in Northeast China. Cytologia 61: 225-228.
313 Ceccarelli M, Morosi L, Cionini PG. 1998. Chromocenter association in plant cell nuclei: determinants, functional significance, and evolutionary implications. Genome 41: 96-103.
314 Horjales M, Redondo N, Pérez B, Brown S. 1995. Presencia en Galicia de Dactylis glomerata L. Hexaploide. Boletim da Sociedada Broteriana (Ser. 2) 67: 223-230.
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